The documents on these pages have been written by Tony Bath for his Hyborian Campaign. We would have liked to present them to you as scans of the originals, but unfortunately the quality of the original paper does not permit this, so we took it upon us to type it all over again. To give you an idea: "The Wargamer's guide to Hyboria", as written by Tony, counts 46 pages. 1: Empires, confederacies etc (see below) is exactly one page of the original document. This will enable you to monitor our progress. Please be patient and look at this site from time to time to check on our progress. Thank you.

***** Wargamer's guide to Hyboria****

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1: Empires, confederacies etc.

AQUILONIAN FEDERATION: Formed from the self-governing states of Aquilonia, Argos, Zingara, Ophir, Nemedia, Corinthia, Brythunia, Khauran and Turan. Each member state looks after its own internal affairs, but foreign affairs and military matters are dealth with by the Federation Council. Each Head of State has a seat on the Council, and they elect a Bretwalda to co-ordinate their activities. The Bretwalda is elected for life, but can be disposed of by a vote of the Council having a 2 to 1 majority. The same majority is necessary to elect a new Bretwalda, who must be a sitting member of the council. Present Bretwalda is King Conan of Aquilonia. Federation capital is Tarantia.

CIMMERIAN EMPIRE: Now defunct and replaced by the confederation of Varnar. It originally consisted of the subject states of Cimmeria, asgard, Vanaheim and the Border Principality. The Empire was forged by Thern Eldred of cimmeria, who became the first and only Emperor, and collapsedfor lack of a strong successor. capital was Cimmur.

HYRKANIAN CALIPHATE: Comprising the twin Satrapies of Hyrkania and Turan, ruled by the royal House of Damocles, the Caliphate collapsed in the year of the Leopard when Vakar of Hyrkania revolted and declared his independence. On the death of the last Caliph, conaire, Turan became a member state of the Aquilonian Federation. With the recent conquest of Turan by Hyrkania it is possible the Caliphate will be restored under a new ruling house.

SHEMITE EMPIRE: Consisting of the subject countries of shem, Stygia, Kush, Darfar and Keshan and ruled by the royal House of Shem. Collapsed when the second Emperor, Tas Karrel, was murdered. Shem became an independant kingdom and the other states were occupied by the Vendhyan Empire without resistance. With the emergence of a new and vigorous ruling house in Shem attempts have been made, with considerable success, to re-establish the Empire and wrest its former territories from Vendhyan control.

VARNAR, confederation of: Formed from the wreckage of the old Cimmerian Empire following the civil war which occured on the serious illness of the old Emperor; to which has been added the formerly independant Kingdom of Hyperborea. No clear details are available of the framework of the Confederation, but it is apparently under the joint control of the present ruling houses of Asgard and Carulia. Capital is Cimmur.

VENDHYAN EMPIRE: Originally a kingdom, it was officially declared an Empire in the Year of the Wolf. It consists of the Principalities of Vendhya proper, Lodidhapura, Zem, Pnom Dhek and Khitai and also lays claim to that of Karnak and the old Shemite territories south of the Styx. The ruling House of Chand is represented by a minor and the Empire is governed by a Council of Regency composed of the Princes of Lodidhapura, zem and Pnom Dhek, the other princes being also minors. The capital was originally Laegaire but was moved to Alkmeenon when the Kingdom became an Empire.

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2: Large National Units.

AQUILONIA, kingdom of: The largest and most powerful of the purely Hyborian nations, it controls a large area of the western seaboard of the continent but is not itself particularly interested in the sea. It is bounded on the north by the Confederation of varnar, but its other frontiers march with those of other mebers of the Federation. The people of Aquilonia are predominantly fair haired and light skinned, but vary somewhat between the Piotanians of the south and the Gundermen of the north. The capital of the kingdom is Tarantia. For many years Aquilonia was engaged in intermittent warfare with her traditional enemy, Nemidia, and sometimes with Argos or Ophir. With the end of the old Royal Dynasty and the seizure of the throne by Conan of Cimmeria, Aquilonia began the climb from nationalism to Federation. Both Nemidia and Zingara were first defeated in war and then accepted as equal partners in the Federataion; the other members joined voluntarily. The present king, Conan I, is also Bretwalda of the Federation. The chief religion of the country us Asura/Mitrism and there is some rivalry between the Archbischop of Tarantia and his colleague of Zargova in Shem for pre-eminence within the faith.

ARGOS, principality of: Member state of the Aquilonian Federation. Originally of pure Hyborian stock, its people have been ratially diluted through extensive trade with the peoples to the south. Argos is heavily committed to seaborne trade: she provides almost half the ships and sailors of the Federation Navy and her coastline contains several excellent harbours. It has been said that her merchantmen are not averse to eking out the profits of peaceful trading with a little piracy and raiding in the south, but this is hotly denied. Argos has benefitted territorially from the last Federation war when she was awarded the former Shemite Duchy of Kalgan, considerably extending her coastline to the south. At the time of the founding of the Federation her then ruler, Prince Pellias, was the first to join. On his death the crown passed to his son-in-law and the House of Mirtra became the new ruling house. The present prince is a minor and during his minority King Conan of Aquilonia rules as Regent. The capital is Messantia and the religion Asura/Mitrism.

BRYTHUNIA, suffarchy of: Originally of Hyborian stock, the Brythunians early mixed nationalities with the original populace and were regarded by such countries as Aquilonia and Nemidia as backward and less civilised. For many years, Brythunia's energies ware totally absorbed in the long struggle with her northern neighbour, Hyperboria, which ended in the year of the Lion with her conquest and subjection to Hyperborea. In the year of the Leopard the present Suffete, Valannus, took advantage of the virtual collapse of the Hyperborean Royal Familyto re-assert his independence and, realising that he was not strong enough to resist further aggression, he applied for and obtained membership of the Aquilonian Federation. He has since founded a Military Academy and is renowned as a patron of the arts; he has also founded a new State Religion of Suffete worship. The capital is Cypria.

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CORINTHIA, kingdom of: This small but important kingdom, situated in mid-continent, a member of the Aquilonian Federation, was never fully overrun by the southward trust of the Hyborian peoples. Its inhabitants therefor retain much of their original culture with some Hyborian admixture. Agriculture is the main industry and the people are basically hardy peasants. Corinthia engaged in various wars with varying success until in the Year of the Elephant civil war broke out over the question of involvement in the Shem-Zembabwei war. The royalists were at first succesful, and the main rebel leader and his elder sons were slain in battle or taken and executed; but a younger son, Bleys, then took control and in a series of brilliant victories utterly overthrew his opponents, killed or drove out the existing Royal House and himself seized the throne. He was then faced by a Hyperborian invasion which he beat off with great skill; and in order to consolidate his position he applied for and received membership of the Aquilonian Federation. The capital is Corinth. There is no official state religion, the people being allowed to worship as they please.

HYPERBOREA, kingdom of: The first kingdom founded by the southward drive of the Hyborian invaders, its hard climate and relatively poor soil inevitably made it a poor relation of the rich kingdoms further south and west. Moreover its full energies were soon engaged in a gruelling struggle with its southern neighbour, Brythunia. The kingdom rose to its height under king Namedides I, who conquered Brythunia and part of Nemidia, but in his old age his reckless and ambitious sons wasted its resources in fruitless and unsuccessful wars. In the year of the Leopard plague ravaged the royal family, leaving no responsible ruler; in the confusion of almost civil war, all Namedides' conquests were lost. To obtain peace, Vakar of Hyrkania was accepted as regent and overlord, and the country thus became involved in the great struggle between Hyrkania and the Aquilonian Federation. An Aquilonian invasion quickly overran the southern half of the country before it was checked by a Hyrkanian general, Koris. At this point Vakar's lieutenant Leodogrance usurped power and declared himself king. Leodogrance was later overthrown and killed by an alliance of Cimmeria and Asgard, and the country is now a subject state of the Confederacy of Varnar. The capital is Krakow. No state religion exists, the people following many and varied gods.

HYRKANIA, principality of: Lying to the north and east of the Sea of Vilayet, this region of rolling grasslands was never encroached on by the Hyborian invasions, and the people remain of pure stock. Originally entirely nomadic tribes, there is now a fairly sharp division between these and the city dwellers, who have increased in number and influence over the years. Once part of the powerful Hyrkanian Caliphate, Hyrkania itself broke away in the Year of the Leopard to form an independant state. Under the strong rule of Prince Vakar Hyrkania has conquered almost the whole of Turan and seems likely to re-establish the caliphate. Already the prince has followed the example of earlier caliphs by shifting his capital from Hyrkanian Shushan to Turanian Agrapur. The gods of Hyrkania are the twin deities of Ormazd and Ahriman, reprensenting light and darkness.

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KHAURAN, kingdom of: Originally a small principality lying alongside the desert, in the Year of the Lion it conquered the much larger principality of Koth and thus aquired the status of a kingdom - though at present ruled by a queen. It is a member state of the Aquilonian Federation and closely linked to Aquilonia through the marriage of queen Taramis and crown prince Ban Cruach. Its people are a complete mixture, with strains of Hyborian, Zuagir, Shemite and others. The capital is Mahalatta. religion is mixed, with sects of Asura/Mitrism, Ormazd/Ahriman etc.

NEMIDIA, kingdom of: Second among the rich Hyborian nations only to Aquilonia, for very many years it disputed supremacy with that country. At the end of the Great Continental War, however, Nemidia was dismembered and ceased to be a kingdom. One half became a vassal of Aquilonia, the rest was split between Corinthia and Hyperborea. during the civil wars in Corinthia and the dynastic trouble in Hyperborea, however, Conan of Aquilonia seized the opportunity to re-unite the kingdom under the rule of his friend and all Riach, Glyndwyrr, and to admit the kingdom to the Federation, of which it is now a loyal member. The people are of pure Hyborian stock with little or no admixture, but perhaps a trifle softer and more pleasure-loving than their western neighbours. The capital is Belverus. The state religion is Mitrism, the older and more hidebound form of Asura/Mitrism.

OPHIR, principality of: The smallest of the Hyborian nations, but for its seize one of the richest. The country is fertile with an excellent climate, and has always enjoyed good trade relations with its neighbours. A member of the Aquilonian Federation. Capital is Berillus and the state religion is Asura/Mitrism.

SHEM, kingdom of: Covering the area of fertile grasslands north of the river Styx, Shem was originally a collection of free cities. These were made into the basis of an empire by a Shemite adventurer, Zargheba, who founded a dynasty. When the last of his line, Tas Karrel, was torn down by angry nobles tired of his despotic rule, Ktar Wassreck, prince of Amorica, was called upon to reconstitute the ancient realms as a kingdom. The people are dark complexioned, usually with heavy black beards and hawk noses, tending to be grim and serious minded. Shem is at present locked in a death struggle with the Venfhyan Empire. The capital is Zargova (renamed in the honour of the founder of the empire) and has a flourishing university. Religion is Asura/Mitrism and the Archbishop of Zargova claims to be the head of the religion throughout the continent.

TURAN, satrapy of: The strip of land enclosed between the great Eastern Desert and the Sea of Vilayet. Originally an independent state though of the same racial stock as the Hyrkanians further east, it was conquered and incorporated in the Hyrkanian caliphate. In the breakup of that realm it remained loyal to the last caliph until his death, when then Satrap, Serapion, re-established independence and joined the Aquilonian Federation. In the Year of the Wolf the country was largely overrun by the Hyrkanians and Serapion was slain, but remnants of the Turanian army are still fighting alongside other Federation forces. The capital is Tadmor, and the people worship Ormazd and Ahriman.

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